01. Development and current situation of museum light environment
The early museums took natural light as the main form. With the development of museums, the so-called "white box" display lighting design period appeared.
Until after the Second World War, a large number of museum lighting environment design mainly focused on artificial lighting appeared.
Mainly because artificial light is easier to control than natural light, the so-called "black room" type museum lighting design stage has formed.
Although the natural light is soft and natural, its light is unstable, and it is unable to provide fixed point lighting for the key exhibits, and the ultraviolet ray in the natural light will also cause damage to the exhibits, so artificial light lighting is increasingly favored by designers.
02. Principles of museum lighting design
For the artificial light lighting design of museum exhibition space, it is necessary to protect the exhibits and ensure a good visual environment for the audience.
The factors such as light source, museum lamps, illuminance, uniformity of illuminance, color temperature and glare are considered and analyzed, so as to meet the visual aesthetic requirements and protect the exhibits.
1) Appropriate illumination
The damage degree of the exhibits is proportional to the illuminance. The smaller the illuminance, the less the damage to the exhibits. However, the demand for audience appreciation should also be considered. The illuminance value should not be too low.
2) Good visual environment
In the light environment design of the museum, it is not only necessary to comply with the provisions of lighting quality and parameters, but also should combine design psychology, starting from the visual and psychological feelings of the audience.
3) Protection of exhibits
While providing a good visual environment for the audience, the damage of ultraviolet rays in the light to the exhibits should also be taken into account. However, light sources are essential to the exhibits. Therefore, light sources with weak ultraviolet radiation should be selected as far as possible to reduce the damage.
4) Avoid glare
Glare is an optical phenomenon that causes discomfort to the human eye or reduces the ability of fine parts of the object to be observed due to inappropriate brightness distribution and range in the field of vision or extreme contrast.
5) Energy conservation
In the light environment design of the museum, we should not only protect the exhibits and ensure the audience's feelings, but also embody the green design concept of energy conservation.
6) Flexible layout
While meeting the above conditions, the lighting equipment of the museum also needs to meet the basic nature of its exhibition space, that is, the light source should flexibly adapt to the movement or replacement of exhibits.
To sum up, the design of artificial light environment of museum exhibition space is a systematic engineering problem, with strong technological requirements.
Single architectural configuration or single lighting design can not complete the lighting design well.
Therefore, it is necessary to reasonably select light sources, lamps and layout forms to create a living, vibrant, lifelike and overall optimized light environment to improve the viewing effect in the exhibition space of the museum.
If you have any questions about the lighting design of the exhibition cabinet in the museum , please consult seeposh.